The reasons behind why people are gay, straight or bisexual have long been a source of public fascination. Indeed, research on the topic of sexual orientation offers a powerful window into understanding human sexuality. Among the indigenous Zapotec people in southern Mexico, individuals who are biologically male and sexually attracted to men are known as muxes. They are recognized as a third gender: Muxe nguiiu tend to be masculine in their appearance and behavior; muxe gunaa are feminine.
Nearly one in three Brits still think being gay is a choice
Bloomberg - Are you a robot?
Each of the studies gained great headlines by suggesting homosexuality was possibly inborn - suggesting people are born gay. Details about the work of these scientists is provided in other articles. At about the same time, in , an international, collaborative research project set out to map and understand human genes. The research program was named the Human Genome Project and was funded by the U.
You’re born gay or straight, sexuality is written in a man’s DNA, scientists believe
In the s, sexologist Alfred Kinsey, who was on the verge of publishing his first major report on male sexuality in the US, enlisted a photographer named Thomas Painter to investigate gay subcultures. He was particularly drawn to masculine white men who generally viewed themselves as heterosexual; Painter offered to take their photos, a trick he used as a lead-in to sex. Although Painter was sometimes physically attacked, many men agreed to sleep with him — sometimes for money, sometimes not. But by the mids, as categories of heterosexuality and homosexuality hardened in the American consciousness, Painter noticed a change.
I n a recent Guardian article , Simon Copland argued that it is very unlikely people are born gay or presumably any other sexual orientation. Scientific evidence says otherwise. It points strongly to a biological origin for our sexualities. I would argue that understanding our fundamental biological nature should make us more vigorous in promoting LGB rights.