PDF generated using the open source mwlib toolkit. Introduction Note. This book is based on the Wikipedia article, "The Clash". The supporting articles are those referenced as major expansions of selected sections. Punk rock Punk rock Stylistic origins Rock and roll, folk music, rockabilly, surf rock, garage rock, glam rock, pub rock, protopunk. Mainstream popularity Topped charts in UK during late s. International commercial success for pop punk and ska punk, mids—s.
Tyne and Esk Writers was founded in the s. Some writing groups, already in place in East and Midlothian, believed they could strengthen their activities if they gathered together under one umbrella. The name comes from the two rivers — the Tyne and the Esk — which flow through East and Midlothian respectively.